The Series : « The Encyclopedia of Wars »
The Encyclopedia of Wars is a series of conferences and lectures initiated at the Centre Pompidou in September 2008, with one meeting per month. To do so, I am building up a “War Library”, accumulating all the works, essays, stories, technical books dealing with the subject of war. I do not impose any corpus on myself a priori. I am neither a historian nor a specialist in polemology. I collect sentences, terms, images, numbers. My first job is to read “war books”, to take quotations from them, which feed pre-existing entries or create new ones. It is then an essentially repetitive, mechanical, copyist activity. I am Bouvard or Pécuchet. Of these entries, there are 1031 to date. The first one being Abattre (mort), the last one being Zouave, passing by Abracadabra; Boom; Camping; Hydrography; Tongue (monotonous); Fly (Make); Pastry; Silence (Reduce to); Triperie; Vadrouille (La très grande); Ypres …
Assembled for the first time in an editorial corpus, the full collection of The Encyclopedia of Wars’ conferences is accessible on Switch (on Paper) and will be completed with the new conferences to come at the Centre Pompidou.
The Author : Jean-Yves Jouannais
The upazilas are the third level of territorial division in Bangladesh, after the divisions (eight in number, each named after its capital city) and districts (64 sub-divisions). This system makes it possible to consolidate local governments. Charfasson and Tazumuddin are both upazilas of the district of Bhola, division of Barisâl.
Founded in 1949 to organize the Bengali (then East Pakistan before the 1971 split) protest against the domination of the Punjabis (an ethnolinguistic group associated with the Punjab region) at all levels of political and military power, the Awami League is a political organization of socialist obedience whose main demand at the time was the autonomy of the eastern part of Pakistan. Its program was radicalized in 1966 with the splitting of the two eastern and western parts of Pakistan (through Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, leader of the league), followed by a severe repression organized by the Pakistani General Ayub Khan. In free elections in 1970, the League won a triumph, but Yahya Khan, president of the time, refused the verdict of the ballot boxes and sent troops to repress the Bengalis. In 1971 Bangladesh, aided by Indira Gandhi’s India, became independent and was led by the Awami League, the first national political force.
The Bangladesh War of Liberation is a war that took place in 1971 in East Pakistan and pitted the Bengali rebels against the central Pakistani government.
During the Second World War, a campaign of seven close air raids were carried out on the city of Hamburg in Germany (Operation Gomorrah), between July 25 and August 3, 1943 by British and American air force bombers. The aim of this operation was above all the destruction of the city in order to demoralize the enemy, and incidentally to reduce German military-industrial capacities, a last objective that was not really achieved. It was, with the bombing of Dresden (February 13-15, 1945), the deadliest air attack in Europe, costing the lives of at least 45,000 people.
Born on December 17, 1615 and died on July 11, 1690, Marshal de Schomberg was the most famous of the Huguenot refugees (Protestants from the kingdom of France and Navarre during the Wars of Religion in the second half of the 16th century, in conflict with the Catholics) and one of the best known French soldiers outside France. He was the general-in-chief of the army that installed William of Orange (prince and prime minister of Holland) on the throne in 1688 during the Glorious Revolution of England, which pitted Catholic supporters against the Dutch army of William III and was followed by a counter-revolution in Ireland. These events would result in the overthrow of King James II, the strengthening of the mixed monarchy and the reaffirmation of the role of Parliament vis-à-vis the Crown).
Born on September 8, 1621 in Paris and died on December 11, 1686 in Fontainebleau, Louis II de Bourbon-Condé, known as Le Grand Condé, was a prince of French blood, a French general and one of the leaders of the Fronde des Princes (rebellion of the great lords marked by many episodes, many changes of alliance, exercised in particular against Mazarin (a politician in the service of the papacy, then of the kings) during the Thirty Years’ War.
Between 1916 and 1918, the Arab revolt was carried out at the initiative of the Sheriff of Mecca, Hussein ben Ali, in order to participate in the liberation of the Arabian Peninsula, then largely occupied by the Ottoman Empire. The ultimate goal is the creation of a unified Arab state, from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen, inspired by Arab nationalism.
Born on May 20, 1885 in Mecca and died on September 8, 1933 in Bern, Faisal ben Hussein al-Hachimi (فيصل بن الحسين الهاشمي in Arabic) was the son of Hussein ben Ali, Sheriff of Mecca (the title formerly given by Muslims to the Custodian of the Holy Places) and King of Hijaz (western region of the Arabian Peninsula). First and only king of Syria from March 7 to July 27, 1920, he was then first king of Iraq from 1921 until his death. He led the Arab revolt against the Ottoman forces to its end between 1916 and 1918 .